An introduction to the IUCN Red List of Ecosystems: the categories and criteria for assessing risks to ecosystems

IUCN - International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources
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“Ecosystems across the globe continue to be degraded and this undermines their capacity to support life. The IUCN Red List of Ecosystems (RLE) is a set of categories and criteria for assessing the risks to ecosystems and to focus attention on where ecosystems are threatened. It is part of a growing toolbox for analysing risks to biodiversity at all scales and it aims to support conservation, resource use and management decision making by identifying ecosystems most at risk. The RLE complements the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species™, and is designed to be: a) applicable in a consistent way for all ecosystem types and geographical areas, b) transparent and scientifically rigorous, and c) easily understood by policy makers and the public – both in conservation and land/water use. The RLE will assess the global status of all the world’s terrestrial, marine, freshwater and subterranean ecosystems. As part of this process a global ecosystem classification will be developed, based on existing national and other types of classification. It will support the development of national and regional Red Lists of ecosystems to inform conservation and land/water use as part of sustainable development planning.” Fonte: editor